Prepared from roasted beans Coffee is a brewed drink, from the berries of Coffea plant.
Native to tropical Africa, Madagascar, and the Comoros, Mauritius, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean. This plant exported from Africa to around the world and is now grown in over 70 countries, primarily in the tropical countries of the Americas, Southeast Asia, India, and Africa.
The whole economics of coffee is a gigantic undertaking. There are many varieties, from species of the plant to the way the bean are prepared. Various production methods and regions give way different coffee profiles.
There are at least some coffee secrets, myths, and controversies people are not aware of.
It will be better to have information about the most expensive brand of coffee in the world for a coffee drinker and lover.
Kopi luwak is the world’s most expensive coffee. The main factor of its high price is the unique method of producing such a coffee. Of the isles of Indonesia, to be precise from Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi, comes the coffee brand Kopi Luwak.
As legends has it, civet coffee, or kopi luwak in Indonesian, discovered by plantation workers in colonized Indonesia and forbidden from drinking coffee beans accumulated from the plants. The workers picked up, cleaned and then roasted the beans secreted by wild Asian Palm Civets that sneaked into the estates to eat the ripest cherries.
The civets’ digestive methods gave kopi luwak a uniquely rich aroma and smooth, rounded flavor, so much so that the Dutch estate owners soon became fans.
The civet with a long tail like a monkey, face tagging like a raccoon, and stripes or spots on its body. The Asian palm civet, which attacks commercial fruit plantations, was usually seen as a pest. Hence growth in the kopi luwak industry prompted local people to protect civets for their valuable manure.
Their digestive enzymes change the composition of proteins in the coffee beans, removing the acidity to make a smoother cup of coffee.
The feces of this cat obtained, finished and sold as kopi luwak. Despite being in contact with feces and pathogenic organisms, the beans hold negligible amounts of the enteric (pathogenic) organisms associated with feces.
Moreover, the “cherry” encompassing the bean is not digested by the civet, and after being obtained, the farmer gives it thorough washing which removes the endocarp. The final roasting of the beans would, additionally, eliminate any remaining bacteria.
While there are ethical suppliers of hand-gathered civet coffee, recent inquiries, both by animal-rights activists and journalists, have revealed a cruel and greedy trade.
To meet global demand, many suppliers keep seized civets in cages and serve them almost solely on coffee cherries. Existing in dreadful conditions and provided with an unhealthy diet, these night-loving omnivores suffer mental distress from gnawing on their limbs to incessantly pacing and soon succumb to sickness and death.
These grim farms are not limited to Indonesia. Farmers in Asia have jumped on the bandwagon. By one estimate, 50 tons of mass-produced civet coffee from Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines and China flood the market every year. Even Tony Wild, the trader who championed kopi luwak to the West, warns against it. It has become increasingly industrialized, abusive, and faked.
A cup of kopi luwak, as it’s known, can sell for as much as $80 in the United States. Most customers are Asian, especially those originating from Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.