Deaths caused by air pollution cost Bangladesh economy nearly $2.6 billion or 0.58% of its GDP as per World Bank report
Pollution has turned into the main adversary of the humankind. Industrial revolution of 19th century prompted ecological catastrophe. The entire world is currently more apprehensive of pollution instead of atomic impact. Technological advancement has acquired progressive changes way of life and national economy with overpowering control over nature.
The protection of environment has turned into a noteworthy issue around the worldwide for the well being of the population and financial improvement.
“The Cost of Air Pollution: Strengthening the economic case for action”, a joint study of the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), evaluated the expenses of premature death associated with air pollution.
Their report noted 90% of the population in low income in 2013, indicating the financial burden of air pollution.
In 2013, China lost about 10% of its GDP, India 7.69%, while Sri Lanka and Cambodia each lost around 8%, as a result of death associated with pollution. Among some South Asian nations, Pakistan endured the loss of 5.9% and Nepal 4.7%.
Wealthy countries are not resistant either. Pollution have cost the United States $45bn, Germany $18bn, and the United Kingdom $7.6bn. Iceland, with losses of just $3m, was observed to be the slightest affected by deaths associated with contaminated air.
The present natural state of Bangladesh is not in any way balance. Severe air, water and noise pollution are debilitating human wellbeing, biological systems and economic growth of Bangladesh.
Air pollution is a serious ecological wellbeing risk influencing the populations of Bangladesh. Air pollution of Bangladesh is brought on because of expanding population and associated motorization.
Bangladesh is the eighth-most polluted nation in the world as indicated by the measurements of the worldwide Environmental Performance Index for 2016. Bangladesh has additionally been recorded as the nation with the most polluted air quality around the world in the review that has been conducted using data from 180 nations.
There is a good reason to worry over the Air Quality in Dhaka, as Bangladesh positions 173th (out of 180 nations) at the Environmental Performance Index for Air Quality (2016 score). The overall positioning demonstrating natural disaster was measured for eight classes: health impacts, air quality, water and sanitation, water resources, agriculture, forests, fisheries and biodiversity and habitat.
Premature death caused by air pollution cost Bangladesh economy almost $2.6 billion in total foregone labour output in 2013, which represents 0.58% of its GDP, according to joined study by World Bank and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).
The amount contrasts with $1.2 billion in 1990 and the overall number of air pollution related deaths, creating human enduring and decreasing economic development, rose to 27,452 (6.14% GDP equivalent in 2013) from 6,379 (4.66% GDP equivalent in 1990).
The air quality of Dhaka city appears that the concentration of suspended particles in the surrounding air is ordinarily much higher than normal. Around 50 tons of leads are discharged into Dhaka city’s air yearly and the outflow achieves its highest level in dry season (November-January), according to a study directed by researchers of Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC).
The thickness of lead in the quality of Dhaka city in dry season achieves 463 monograms, the highest in the world. From WHO database of surrounding air pollution (covering the period from 2008 to 2013), Narayanganj positioned seventeenth out of 1600 cities from 91 nations, Gazipur positioned 21th and Dhaka took 23th spot.
According to NUMBEO Pollution index 2016, Dhaka ranked 14th out of 201 major cities in the world.